Education in the largest sense is any act or experience that has a formative effect on the mind, character or physical ability of an individual. Education is the process by which society warily transmits its knowledge from one generation to next generation. This education process is formated in various levels as Preschool, Primary, Secondary, Higher, Adult, Alternative and Indigenous.
Educational History Background in India
Vedas, Ayurveda, Puranas, Ardha Sastras are bench marks of our current education system. Research shows that in the ancient days, sages and scholars imparted education orally, but after the development of letters, it took the form of writing.Temples and community centers often took the role of schools.When Buddhism spread across India, some world famous institutions has been arised like Nalanda, Thakshasila and VikramShila.
Present Education System in India
A right to education has been created and recognized by most of the countries jurisdiction at the time of 1950s. Education is a concept, referring to the process in which students can learn something and its a combination of Instruction, Teaching and Learning. The main purpose of education is All round development of personality. But the present day education is neither imparting true knowledge of life nor improving the talent of a student by which one can achieve command in the field one is interested and its not serving the purpose for which it has been started. Because of this, combination of art subjects and computer science and liturature has been introduced so that such courses could be useful for students to jobs after recruited in some organizations which would reduce unnecessary rush to higher education.
What the Past stating?
In general, education itself has become so profitable business and quality is lost in increase of professional institutions and quota system and political influence added fuel to spoil this system and it results in unemployment of graduates without quick relief to mitigate their struggles in the Job market of the country. Most of the students are hunting for jobs without hope due to political rivalries and lack of investments in job generating manufacturing units and companies. In India, around 20 Central Universities and 250 State Universities controlling somewhere 17000 colleges of various courses releaving out millions of graduates seeking jobs in vain due to lack of employability, communication skill and entrepreneurship quality. In reality, 20% of population is educated in India and 25% of the Universities are having world class education. So, as a priority government has to give first priority to delivery quality education to the people. Indian government not giving importance to the development of Standard education. To achieve this, it needs to adopt uniform international syllabus and its educational instructions. That is the way people's quality of life can be improved and also nation can economically compete with the developed nations of the world.
Challenges in Present Education System
Lack of will to learn in youth
The great challenge in the education system is lack of interest in studies among people. This is because of present education system in which they are unable to adjust for long period in class rooms, the ability of teachers to inspire students is decreasing day by day. Because of this, people are becoming bookish knowledge in present education system.
Quality of Teaching
Previously the quality of teaching in olden days were comparatively much better than present. Today student may be tomorrow teacher, that means if there are such flaws presently than what about the future generations. The very recent graduates are appointed as teachers which affect a lot, this is all done because the managements can reduce their burden of spending money for experienced ones.
Another major issue is reservations, all the people should reserve their seats in their higher education with ones own talent but not with respect to the caste, etc. There should be no difference between forward caste and backward caste the students should be rated with the amount of knowledge they have. There are reservations for government jobs also, if a backward caste student just passes his graduation it is more than sufficient to get that govt job.
The schools and colleges today have very inadequate infrastructure. In rural areas people have to go long way to reach their educational institutions. The infrastructure provided today in any college is not that efficient as it should be. In government schools there are no proper class rooms, efficient staff etc etc.
Recently the higher education examinations have changed their result system to grade system. This is not supposed to be a very good decision because in the previous system itself the pass percentage was about 50 % in many states and if it is changed to grade system and every one are promoted to 10+2 than what is the future of our Indian society? Yes, there is an advantage of grade system that students who are very conscious about their marks if they get less marks they may be effected, after the grade system they may not get affected. But this is all advantageous only
up to 10% and rest it is completely disadvantageous. If this is the case with grade system than what is the use of applying it?
What we have to do:
If the government takes action at least against some of the challenges mentioned above than the future of student can be improved to a better successful person. As everyone know India has major population as youth, if there is a revolution in present educational system than every student of today may become a successful person in life. If this becomes than no one can stop the future of India, as a developed country from developing country(for past many years).